During the Eighty Years’ War (1568-1648), the struggle of the rebellious states of the Netherlands against Spain was led successively by Willem van Oranje, and his sons Maurits and Frederik Hendrik. The Achterhoek, but also large parts of Brabant, Limburg and Overijssel, were the scene of the Eighty Years’ War in the second half of the 17th century. As a result, there was absolutely no Golden Age here. The predominantly Catholic population of these regions did not really want to be “liberated” by the Prince’s armies.
The siege of the town ‘Grol’ during the summer of 1627 is re-enacted bi-annually during the Slag om Grolle (Battle of Groenlo). On 20 July 20 1627, the State Army – led by Prince Frederik Hendrik – came for “the strong city of Grol”. An event that briefly, but unequivocally, brought the city to the center of national and European history.